It was made in England and was imported by ordinance officers of both the North and South to meet the sudden increase in demand for small arms caused by the outbreak of hostilities.Originally produced at the Royal Small Arms Factory at Enfield, England, it was the standard arm of the British Army at the time.The new Confederate government lost no time in dispatching an agent to Europe.The person selected was West Point educated, Massachusetts born, Caleb Huse. His instructions were to quickly obtain serviceable weapons wherever he could find them and secure a supply of the most modern small arms, i.e. In order to facilitate this work, he was provided with a tremendously favorable letter of credit from Fraser, Trenholm & Company of Liverpool, part of the Trenholm banking empire.An estimated 900,000 of these Enfield rifles were procured for use in the United States.
As much as the South wanted to get weapons from Enfield Lock, the English equivalent of Springfield Armory, this was not to be.
This contract stipulated the delivery of machine made, parts interchangeable, three band Enfield Rifle Muskets. They just looked like the Tower Enfields made for the Crown.
These were much the same as Whitney's "good and serviceable arms", many of which appeared to be regulation Springfields, but weren't.
British Pattern 1853 Enfield Percussion Rifle-Musket with New Jersey Surcharge @Dated 1862 The 39 1/2 inch barrel in .60 caliber. Steel and brass furniture, the buttplate stamped 24. Early US Civil War infantrymen on both sides were armed with P/53 Enfield rifled muskets, made by Enfield from 1855 to 1858 in Britain.
Full walnut stock stamped between counterscrews 24 and N. Southern forces traded their flintlocks for the Enfield just before the Battle of Shiloh.
Trained soldiers were expected to complete these steps in 20 seconds and be able to fire three aimed bullets per minute.